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His discovery of the area was largely accidental; as he had been sent in search of a number of convicts who had seized a locally-built vessel called Cumberland as she was sailing from Sydney Cove. This provided a large incentive for investment in the Newcastle and Hunter region due to its status as a major coal mining and export hub to Asian markets.
The old city centre has seen some new apartments and hotels built in recent years, but the rate of commercial and retail occupation remains low while alternate suburban centres have become more important.
Signup is easy, and in just seconds, your mobile friendly free account lets you post your personal photos to your profile. The company had a fleet of freighters as well as several fast passenger vessels, including the PS Newcastle and the PS Namoi.
There is a vibrant arts scene in the city including a highly regarded art gallery,  and an active Hunter Writers' Centre.
All operations had closed by the early s. The Namoi had first-class cabins with the latest facilities. Over the next two years, coal mined from the area was the New South Wales colony's first export. The CBD itself is shifting to the west, towards the major urban renewal area known as "Honeysuckle".
Newcastle has one of the oldest theatre districts in Australia. Newcastle is the world's largest coal export port and Australia's oldest and second largest tonnage throughput port, with over 3, shipping movements handling cargo of Large projects related to the coal industry helped to propel the Newcastle unemployment rate to 20 year lows and allow the Newcastle region to weather the effects of the late s recession better than NSW as a whole.
These downturns were particularly hard hitting for heavy industry which was particularly prevalent in Newcastle.
The old central business district, located at Newcastle's eastern end, still has a considerable number of historic buildings, dominated by Christ Church Cathedral, seat of the Anglican Bishop of Newcastle. With just a few clicks, you'll have access to our huge database of country loving guys and girls.
As of however, the region has experienced particular economic strength through increased diversification and Best dating sites no subscription commodity prices.
Aboriginal history[ edit ] Newcastle and the lower Hunter Region were traditionally occupied by the Awabakal and Worimi Aboriginal People,  who called the area Malubimba.
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Among the areas hit within the city were dockyards, the steel works, Parnell Place in the city's East End, the breakwall and Art Deco ocean baths. Because of the coal supply, small ships plied between Newcastle and Sydney, BrisbaneMelbourne and Adelaidecarrying coal to gas works and bunkers for shipping, and railways.
It began to acquire the aspect of a typical Australian pioneer settlement, and a steady flow of free settlers poured into the hinterland. The formation during the nineteenth century of the Newcastle and Hunter River Steamship Company  saw the establishment of regular steamship services from Morpeth and Newcastle with Sydney.
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Shortland entered what he later described as "a very fine river", which he named after New South Wales' Governor John Hunter. SinceAustralia experienced the effects of the s commodities boom as commodities prices for major export good such as coal and iron ore rose significantly.
In the same year, the first shipment of coal was dispatched to Sydney. Commercial renewal has been accompanied by cultural renaissance.
Captain Wallis laid out the streets of the town, built the first church of the site of the present Christ Church Anglican Cathedralerected the old gaol on the seashore, and began work on the breakwater which now joins Nobbys Head to the mainland.
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There, convicts were sent to burn oyster shells for making lime. Our site features members from all U. The link with Newcastle upon TyneEngland its namesake and also whence many of the 19th century coal miners came, is still obvious in some of the place-names — such as JesmondHexhamWickhamWallsend and Gateshead.
There were no casualties in the attack and damage was minimal. Inthe BHP steelworks opened, beginning a period of some 80 years dominating the steel works and heavy industry.
Many of the remaining manufacturing industries have located themselves well away from the city itself.